Group D Pack Details

11th Standard


11th Standard


Group D

Accountancy, Commerce, Economics, Computer Applications

From the 11th standard subjects are covered in this Group - D. The subject that covers are Accountancy, Commerce, Economics and Computer Science. Group - D helps your children to get high marks in their final exam and more than 2500 questions are covered with 1000+ MCQ's..


Group D


11th Standard English Medium

  • 4 Subject Packs
  • 1 Online Test Packs
  • 24900 Questions
  • 400 Free Online tests

Included Free Online Test Packs

Tamil Nadu 11th Standard

Group D Subject Details

Detailed Information about 11th Standard Group D Pack

Commerce Syllabus

Commerce Syllabus

Unit I Fundamentals of Business Historical Background of Commerce in the Sub-Continent Introduction-Barter System-Hindrances of Commerce-Elimination of Hindrances of Bu

Unit I Fundamentals of Business
Historical Background of Commerce in the Sub-Continent

Introduction-Barter System-Hindrances of Commerce-Elimination of Hindrances of Business

Objectives of Business
Introduction-Types of Economic Activities-Characteristics of Business-Objectives of Business

Classification of Business Activities
Industry-Commerce as an Economic Activity-Trade

Unit II Forms of Business Organisation
Sole Proprietorship

Introduction-Definition of Sole Trader-Characteristics-Advantages and Disadvantages

Hindu Undivided Family and Partnership
Introduction to HUF-Meaning and Definition of Partnership-Partnership Deed and its Contents-Rights and Duties of Partners-Types of Partners-Procedure for Registration-Drawbacks of Non-Registration of Partnership-Dissolution of Partnership

Joint Stock Company
Meaning and Definition of a Company-Types of Companies-Memorandum of Association-Articles of Association-Prospectus

Cooperative Organisation
Meaning and Definition of a Company-Principles of Cooperation-Features of Cooperatives-Advantages and Disadvantages-Types of Cooperatives

Multi-National Corporations (MNCs)
Meaning and Definition-Advantages and Disadvantages-Examples of MNCs

Government Organisation
Meaning and Features of Departmental Undertaking-Advantages and Disadvantages-Meaning and Features of Public Corporation-Advantages and Disadvantages-Meaning and Features of Government Company-Advantages and Disadvantages

Unit III Service Business – I
Reserve Bank of India

Need for the Study on Service Business-Banking Service-The Historical Development of Banks in India-Bank Definition-Definition of Central Bank-Origin of RBI-Organisation Structure of RBI-Function of RBI

Types of Banks
Introduction-Types of Banks

Functions of Commercial Banks
Primary Functions-Secondary Functions-Diversified Banking Functions-Electronic Banking Functions-Functions of All Commercial Banks in Totality

Meaning of Warehouse and Warehousing-Difference between Warehouse and Warehousing-Types of Warehouses-Types of Warehouses-Functions of Warehouses-Advantages and Drawbacks of Warehousing-Warehousing Documents-Warehousing in India

Meaning and Definition of Transport-Types of Transport-Recent Trends in Transportation-Documents Used in Transportation-Common Carrier

Meaning and Definition of Insurance-Principle of Insurance-Types of Insurance-Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India (IRDAI)

Unit IV Service Business – II
Emerging Service Business in India


Unit V Service Business – II
Social Responsibility of Business and Business Ethics

Concept of Social Responsibility-Need for Social Responsibility-Arguments For and Against Social Responsibility-Kinds of Social Responsibility-Social Responsibility towards Different Interest Groups

Business Ethics and Corporate Governance
Concept of Business Ethics-Key Elements of Business Ethics-Code of Business Ethics-Corporate Governance-International Benchmarking

Unit VI Business Finance
Sources of Business Finance

Meaning and Nature of Business Finance-Sources of Business Finance-Factors Influencing Choice of Business Finance-Savings-Importance of Savings-Personal Investment Avenues

International Finance
Introduction-Foreign Direct Investment and Institutional Investors-International Capital Market-Global Depositary Receipt (GDR)-American Depository Receipts (ADR)-Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCB)

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and Self Help Groups (SHGs)
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises-Role and Significance of MSMEs-Contribution of MSMEs to Indian Economy-MSME Sector in Tamilnadu-Self Help Groups

Unit VII Trade
Types of Trade

Trade-Meaning-Features of Internal Trade-Foreign Trade

Channels of Distribution
Meaning-Types of Channel of Distribution-Factors Influencing Channel of Distribution-Middlemen-Kinds of Mercantile Agents or Agent Middlemen-Wholesaler-The Characteristics of Wholesalers-Retail Trade – Meaning-Characteristics of Retailers-Distinction between Wholesaler and Retailer

Introduction-Types of Retailers-Role of Chamber of Commerce and Industry Associations

Unit VIII International Business
International Business

Nature of International Business-Concept, Meaning and Definition of International Business-Method of Conducting International Business-Features of International Business-Rationale Behind International Business-Differences between Domestic Business and International Business-Types of International Business-Advantages and Disadvantages of International Business

Export and Import Procedures
Export Trade-Import Trade

Facilitators of International Business
World Trade Organisation (WTO)-World Bank-International Monetary Fund (IMF)-South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments
Balance of Payments (BOP)-Balance of Trade (BOT)

Unit IX The Indian Contract Act
Elements of Contract

Meaning and Definition-Essentials of a Valid Contract-Classification of Contract

Performance of Contract
Introduction-Who will Perform the Contract?-Reciprocal Promises

Discharge and Breach of a Contract
Discharge of Contract-Remedies for Breach of Contract

Unit X Direct and Indirect Taxes
Direct Taxes

Meaning of Tax-Income Tax

Indirect Taxation
Meaning of Indirect Tax-Goods and Services Tax (GST)-GST Council

Economics Syllabus

Economics Syllabus

Introduction to Micro-Economics Introduction-Economics: Meaning-Economics: Its Nature-Scope of Economics-Basic Concepts in Economics-Economics: Its Methods, Facts, Theories a

Introduction to Micro-Economics
Introduction-Economics: Meaning-Economics: Its Nature-Scope of Economics-Basic Concepts in Economics-Economics: Its Methods, Facts, Theories and Laws-Economics: Its Sub Divisions-Economics: Its Types-Basic Economic Problems-Production Possibility Curve-Conclusion

Consumption Analysis
Introduction-Human Wants-Characteristics of Human Wants-Classification of Goods-Cardinal Utility Analysis-The Law of Equi-Marginal Utility-Consumer’s Surplus-Law of Demand-Elasticity of Demand-Ordinal Analysis (or) Ordinal Utility Approach (or) Hicks and Allen Approach (or) Indifference Curve Analysis-An Indifference Curve-An Indifference Map-Diminishing Marginal Rate of Substitution-Properties of the Indifference Curves-Price line or Budget line-Consumer Equilibrium-Conclusion

Production Analysis
Introduction-Features of the Factors of Production-Production Function-Law of Variable Proportions-Laws of Returns to Scale-Economies of Scale-Diseconomies of Scale-ISO-Quants-The ISO-Cost Line-Producer’s Equilibrium-Cobb-Douglas Production Function-Law of Supply-Conclusion

Cost and Revenue Analysis
Introduction-Cost Analysis-Cost Concepts-Short Run Cost Curves-Long Run Cost Curve-Revenue Analysis-Conclusion

Market Structure and Pricing
Introduction-Meaning of Market-Classification of Markets-Equilibrium Conditions for a Firm-Perfect Competition-Imperfect Competition-Monopoly-Monopolistic Competition-Duopoly-Oligopoly

Distribution Analysis
Introduction-Meaning of Distribution-Kinds of Distribution of Income-Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution-Rent-Wages-Theories of Wages-Interest-Theories of Interest-Profit-Theories of Profit-Conclusion

Indian Economy
Meaning of Growth and Development-Indian Economy-Features of Indian Economy-Natural Resources-Infrastructure-Economic Infrastructure-Social Infrastructure-Contributions of Indian Economic Thinkers-Conclusion

Indian Economy Before and After Independence
Introduction-Indian Economy During the British Period-The Land Tenure Systems in India-Process of Industrial Transition and Colonial Capitalism-Problems of British Rule-Important Industrial Policies Prior to 1991-Green Revolution-Large Scale Industries-Small Scale Industries-Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)-Public Sector and Private Sector Banks-Nationalisation of Banks-Performance of India’s Five Year Plans-Development Indicators-Conclusion

Development Experiences in India
Introduction-Meaning of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG)-Arguments in Favour of LPG-Arguments against LPG-Industrial Sector Reforms-Impact of LPG on Agricultural Sector Reforms-Trade Reforms-Fiscal Reforms-Monetary and Financial Sector Reforms-Conclusion

Rural Economics
Introduction-Features of Rural Economy-Meaning of Rural Development-Need for Rural Development-Problems of Rural Economy-Rural Poverty-Rural Unemployment-Rural Industries-Rural Indebtedness-Rural Health, Nutrition and Sanitation-Rural Infrastructure-Requirements for Rural Development-Conclusion

Tamil Nadu Economy
Introduction-Highlights of Tamil Nadu-Economy-Performance of Tamil Nadu-Economy-Natural Resource-Population-Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP)-Agriculture-Industry-Energy-Services-Tourism

Mathematical Methods for Economics
Introduction-Functions-Matrices-Differential Calculus-Integral Calculus-Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Accountancy Syllabus

Accountancy Syllabus

Introduction to Accounting Introduction-Evolution of Accounting-Meaning and Definition of Accounting-Accounting Cycle-Objectives of Accounting-Functions of Accounting-Importa

Introduction to Accounting
Introduction-Evolution of Accounting-Meaning and Definition of Accounting-Accounting Cycle-Objectives of Accounting-Functions of Accounting-Importance of Accounting-Basic Accounting Terminologies-Branches of Accounting-Bases of Accounting-Users of Accounting Information-Role of an Accountant

Conceptual Framework of Accounting
Book-keeping-An Introduction-Book-keeping Vs. Accounting-Relationship among Book-keeping, Accounting and Accountancy-Accounting Principles-Accounting Standards (AS)-International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)-Accounting Standards in India

Books of Prime Entry
Introduction-Source Documents-Double Entry System-Transaction-Account-Approaches of Recording Transactions-Accounting Rules-Journal Entries-

Introduction-Utilities of Ledger-Format of Ledger Account-Distinction between Journal and Ledger-Procedure for Posting-Balancing of Ledger Accounts

Trial Balance
Introduction-Need for Preparing Trial Balance-Definition of Trial Balance-Features of Trial Balance-Objectives of Preparing Trial Balance-Limitations of Trial Balance-Methods of Preparing Trial Balance-Suspense Account

Subsidiary Books – I
Introduction-Meaning of Subsidiary Books-Types of Subsidiary Books-Advantages of Subsidiary Books-Purchases Book-Purchases Returns Book-Sales Book-Sales Returns Book-Bills of Exchange-Bills Receivable Book-Bills Payable Book-Journal Proper

Subsidiary Books – II
Introduction-Meaning of Cash Book-Cash Book – A Subsidiary Book and Principal Book of Accounts-Importance of Cash Book-Types of Cash Book-Single Column Cash Book-Cash Discount and Trade Discount-Double Column Cash Book-Three Column Cash Book-Petty Cash Book

Bank Reconciliation Statement
Introduction-Bank Reconciliation Statement (BRS)-Reason why Bank  Column of Cash Book and Bank Statement may Differ-Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement

Rectification of Errors
Introduction-Meaning of Errors-Errors at Different Stages of Accounting-Classifications of Errors-Errors Disclosed by the Trial Balance and Errors Not Disclosed by the Trial Balance-Steps to Locate Errors-Suspense Account-Rectification of Errors-Errors in Computerised Accounting

Depreciation Accounting
Introduction-Depreciation – Meaning and Definition-Objectives of Providing Depreciation-Causes of Depreciation-Characteristics of Depreciation-Factors Determining The Amount of Depreciation-Methods of Providing Depreciation-Methods of Recording Depreciation-Calculation of Profit or Loss on Sale of Asset

Capital and Revenue Transactions
Introduction-Considerations in Determining Capital and Revenue Expenditures-Classification of Expenditure-Capital Expenditure-Revenue Expenditure-Deferred Revenue Expenditure-Comparison of Capital, Revenue and Deferred Revenue Expenditure-Capital and Revenue Receipts-Distinction between Capital and Revenue Receipts

Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors – I
Introduction-Closing Entries and Opening Entry-Trading Account-Profit and Loss Account-Balance Sheet-Difference between Trial Balance and Balance Sheet

Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors – II
Introduction-Adjustment Entries and Accounting Treatment of Adjustments-Summary of Adjusting Entries and Accounting Treatment of Adjustments-Final Accounts with Adjustments

Computerised Accounting            
Introduction-Computerised Accounting System (CAS)-Advantages of Computerised Accounting System-Limitations of Computerised Accounting System-Differences between Manual and Computerised Accounting System-Accounting Software-Grouping and Codification of Accounts-Microsoft Office-MS Word and MS Excel Practical

Computer Applications Syllabus

Computer Applications Syllabus

Unit I Fundamentals of Computer and Working with a Typical Operating Systems (Windows and Linux) Introduction to Computers Introduction to Computers-Generations of Comp

Unit I Fundamentals of Computer and Working with a Typical Operating Systems (Windows and Linux)
Introduction to Computers

Introduction to Computers-Generations of Computers-Sixth Generation Computing-Data and Information-Components of a Computer-Booting of Computer

Number Systems
Introduction-Data Representations-Different Types of Number Systems-Number System Conversions-Binary Representation for Signed Numbers-Binary Arithmetic-Representing Characters in Memory
Part-II-Boolean Algebra
Introduction-Basic Logic Gates

Computer Organization
Introduction-Basics of Microprocessors-Data Communication between CPU and Memory-Types of Microprocessors-Memory Devices-Secondary Storage Devices-Ports and Interfaces

Theoretical Concepts of Operating System
Introduction to Software-Introduction to Operating System (OS)-Types of Operating System-Key Features of the Operating System-Prominent Operating Systems

Working with Typical Operating System
Part-I Working with Windows

Introduction to Operating System-Introduction to Windows Operating System-Various Versions of Windows-Handling the Mouse-Windows Desktop-the Window-Application Window-Document Window-Elements of a Window-Explore the Computer-Managing Files and Folders-Creating Shortcuts on the Desktop-Shutting Down or Logging off a Computer
Part-II Working with Linux (Ubuntu)
Open Source Operating System-Linux-Ubuntu-Ubuntu Desktop-the Desktop Background-the Launcher (equivalent to Task Bar)-Elements of Ubuntu-Creating, Deleting Files/folders-Shutting Down Ubuntu Using Session Options

Unit II-Office Automation Tools
Part – I Working with OpenOffice Calc

Introduction to Spreadsheet-Working with OpenOffice Calc-Creating a New Worksheet-Working with Data-Creating Formulae-Save, Close and Open the Worksheet-Copy, Cut and Paste-Auto Fill Feature
Part – II Editing and Formatting Worksheet
Inserting Columns, Rows and Cells-Deleting Columns and Rows-Formatting Worksheet
Part – III Working with Functions and Chart
Functions-Working with Chart
Part – IV Sorting Filtering and Page Setup
Advanced Data Analysis Tools-Setting the Page Size, Orientation and Margins

Presentation Basics
Presentation Software - Meaning-Impress-Opening a New Presentation-Creating a New Presentation-Parts of the Main Impress Window-Window Elements of Impress-Workspace-Formatting a Presentation-Running the Slide Show-Saving a Presentation-Master Slide-Creating Graphic Objects-Inserting Images-Inserting Audio and Video

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